The Ins and Outs of Home Cultivation for Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Patients
February 18, 2020
By: Stephen Stearman
Thinking about growing your own medical marijuana at home? Wondering if it will be worth it? What does it take and what are the restrictions in Oklahoma? It’s not as easy as growing house plants or raising up a little ganja patch in your backyard. There are rules and costs, not to mention the time and effort it takes to tend to your grow. However, an upfront investment in home cultivation could lead to a cheap long-term supply of medical cannabis.
What Is Needed to Grow Medical Marijuana?
Before you begin shopping for seeds, you’ll want to check out the rules. In Oklahoma, the rules for patient cultivation at home (so far) are not very detailed or restrictive. Per the Oklahoma State Department of Health, a few simple rules must be followed under the Medical Marijuana Control Program. Here’s what you’ll need to know to home grow.
Licensed Patient Cultivation Rules
Who can home grow medical marijuana in Oklahoma?
A licensed patient or their caregiver may grow medical marijuana for the patient. Currently, there is no cultivation licensing process for the patient or caregiver. “A caregiver may only exercise cultivation rights on behalf of up to five medical marijuana patient license holders.”
Where can you grow medical marijuana in Oklahoma?
As a medical marijuana patient license holder or caregiver, any medical cannabis you cultivate must be grown on your property or on the property of someone for which you have the owner’s written permission to grow it on their property. Additional rules about where your medical marijuana is grown include:
- Any and all medical marijuana grown by licensed patients or caregivers shall not be accessible to a member of the general public.
- Any and all medical marijuana grown by licensed patients or caregivers shall not be visible from any street adjacent to the property. Medical marijuana is “visible” if it is viewable by a normal person with 20/20 eyesight without the use of any device to assist in improving viewing distance or vantage point.
- No licensed patient or caregiver shall operate or otherwise use any extraction equipment or processes utilizing butane, propane, carbon dioxide, or any potentially hazardous material in or on residential property.
How much medical marijuana can I home grow in Oklahoma?
A licensed patient or their caregiver may legally possess six mature marijuana plants and six seedling plants; mature plants are flowering plants, while seedlings are non-flowering. You are allowed each so that you may maintain a continuous growth cycle of your medical marijuana.
Currently there are no fees associated with patient home cultivation through the Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority (OMMA).
How to grow medical marijuana at home
Growing marijuana is not easy, and you will want to understand the time, effort, and costs involved.
There are consultants available to help you set up your home grow. However, be sure to do your due diligence as a consumer. Check reviews and get recommendations. There are consultants who are willing to plan according to your needs and budget (somewhat). And you can do anything from a simple setup that you tend to yourself to a very expensive, fully automated home facility that can be controlled from your smartphone.
But in the very least, there are the costs of: making your facility secure; the lights needed for growing; additional electricity; in some cases, temperature control; dehumidifiers; the cost of the seeds or clones.
Some things to take into consideration:
Light Control. Plants at different stages need different amounts of light. You need female plants in order to produce flowers (the bud). Too much light at later stages or leaked-in light could cause plants to produce male flowers, which are seed-heavy. Here’s how a lighting schedule should look: 16-20 hours of light per 24 hours while the plants are in vegetative growth, then 12 hours of light per 24 when you want plants to flower. This will give you an idea of time and electricity spent on lighting alone. Not to mention the cost of the light. You can use HID, fluorescent, or LED—each has its pros and cons.
Home Cultivation Oklahoma:
- Temperature needs to be controlled—between 70 and 80 degrees F. The lights can raise the temperature in the facility. Also, humidity is a factor. You do not want mold on your plants. You will need to keep air flowing as well. This often involves fans and dehumidifiers. Fans should circulate air, not be pointed directly on plants, which can cause windburn.
- Other factors include (but are not limited to) what kind of containers to grow your plants in, whether to use soil or hydroponics and the macronutrients and micronutrients you will need to feed them at various stages.
- Space considerations. You will have to think about the amount of space needed for your plants. Tall, skinny sativa strains may only need 18-by-18 inches of floor space; short, bushy indicas need more.
These are just some of the things you will want to consider when deciding to cultivate medical marijuana at home in Oklahoma. The costs could range from a couple of thousand to get started, to much more, depending on how high-tech you want to get, and whether you want to use a consultant. But if you will be requiring medicinal marijuana for a long period, and you have the time and resources to grow, it will definitely be cost-effective in the long run if you settle into a successful home grow operation.
Still have questions about medical marijuana home cultivation in Oklahoma?
Before you begin shopping for marijuana seeds, you’ll want to check out the rules. Here’s what you’ll need to know to home grow in Oklahoma.
Oklahoma Cultivation License and Marijuana Laws
Home » Compliance » Oklahoma Cultivation License and Marijuana Laws
In June 2018, Oklahoma became the 30th U.S. state to legalize medical marijuana. With a low barrier to entry and minimum startup costs, you can be a part of the Oklahoma “green rush.”
Below, we’ve provided a general outline of what it takes to obtain your Oklahoma grower license and maintain a compliant business. We will continue to update this page as new information becomes available.
Table of Contents
- Oklahoma Marijuana Laws for Growers
- Types of Oklahoma Grower Licenses
- Oklahoma Commercial Grow License Cost
- Oklahoma Commercial Grow License Application Requirements
- Marijuana Compliance in Oklahoma
Oklahoma Marijuana Laws for Growers
While many laws mirror existing best practices in other states, regulations are constantly changing, and there are a few key laws to keep in mind to ensure compliance:
- Licensed growers and processors in the state of Oklahoma are required by law to test all medical marijuana and medical marijuana products in a laboratory licensed by the Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority (OMMA) as of July 1st, 2020.
- If managing more than one grow facility, a separate application and non-refundable application fee for each location are required. If managing multiple entities or verticals, you also will need to submit a separate application and non-refundable application fee for each license type (processor, grower, dispensary).
- Oklahoma is dedicated to keeping its marijuana cultivators homegrown. In order to apply for a marijuana grow license, applicants must be an Oklahoma resident, having resided in the state for at least two to five years. This also includes the mandate that 75% of owners are Oklahoma residents.
Types of Oklahoma Grow Licenses
There is only one type of grow license currently for the state of Oklahoma—a medical marijuana grower license. In addition to the grower license, Oklahoma cannabis operators can also obtain a processor and/or dispensary license.
A medical marijuana grower license allows a business to legally grow marijuana for medical purposes in Oklahoma. Licensed growers can sell to licensed processors and licensed dispensaries only. Grower licenses will be in the form of a license certificate. Licensed growers must comply with Title 63 O.S. § 420 et seq. and the Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 310:681.
Licensed processors can sell to licensed dispensaries and other licensed processors. Licensed processors may also process marijuana into a concentrated form for a patient license holder for a fee. Processor licenses will be in the form of a license certificate. Licensed processors must comply with Title 63 O.S. § 420 et seq. and the Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 310:681.
A medical marijuana dispensary license allows a business to legally sell medical marijuana and medical marijuana products, including mature plants and seedlings. Licensed dispensaries can only sell to patient license holders, caregiver license holders, research license holders, and the parent or legal guardian named on a minor patient’s license. Dispensary licenses will be in the form of a license certificate. Licensed dispensaries must comply with Title 63 O.S. § 420 et seq. and the Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 310:681.
Oklahoma Commercial Grow License Cost
The license application fee for growers, processors, and dispensaries is $2,500. This cost is per facility AND per license type. Renewal occurs every year and is $2,500 each.
Oklahoma Commercial Grow License Application Requirements
The application process to obtain an Oklahoma growers license is straight forward. You’ll need to include the following documentation:
- Affidavit of Lawful Presence documentation
- Proof of Oklahoma residency for those persons representing 75% ownership
- Applicants must be at least 25 years old, reside in Oklahoma, and the entities must be registered to conduct business in the state. At least 75 percent of the ownership of entities must be by Oklahoma residents.
- Background checks for each owner
- Certificate of Compliance
- Certificate of Good Standing
- Oklahoma Tax Permit
- Ownership Disclosure documentation
- Ownership list
You can find a detailed checklist of everything you’ll need here.
Marijuana Compliance in Oklahoma
While there has not been a state tracking system selected, all cannabis tracking and reporting are done through the Oklahoma Medical Marijuana Authority. The OMMA created a monthly reporting template that must be submitted on the 15th every month. The monthly reporting template includes:
- The amount of medical marijuana transported to other licensed businesses.
- The number of plants transported to other licensed businesses
- Weight of cannabis purchased at wholesale, tracked by batch numbers
- Weight of cannabis sold to patients, tracked by batch numbers
- Accounting for any waste or destroyed products
- Total sales in dollars
- Tax collected in dollars
- Tax due in dollars
How does 365 Cannabis fulfill this?
365 Cannabis is a true ERP that delivers a complete business management solution, facilitates compliance, and ensures timely and accurate reporting. With a centralized system, you’ll be able to reduce manual and double entry, nearly eliminating human error. With a true cannabis ERP software, you’ll be able to increase efficiency, improve productivity, and grow your cannabis cultivation business.
This article is meant to be a guideline for your reference and is not legal advice. Read more about Oklahoma marijuana regulations here and prepare your application with a cannabis business consultant and/or law firm.
With a low barrier to entry, you can be a part of the Oklahoma “green rush.” Learn about Oklahoma’s cultivation license regulations and requirements.