Should I start my cannabis plant with seeds or clones?
Should you start growing your cannabis plant with seeds or clones? Each method has pros and cons, so check out the comparison below to find out what’s right for you!
Starting With Cannabis Seeds
If you buy your seeds from an established seed bank, than you have a great idea on how your plant will be like in terms of looks, yield, quality, and flowering time.
Cannabis seeds can be discreetly delivered to almost anywhere in the world – you don’t need to know a cannabis grower in person or collect bagseed in order to start growing with seeds
You can purchase feminized seeds from a seed bank which means you will get 100% females and don’t have to worry about male marijuana plants. Only female cannabis plants produce bud. Learn more about male and female cannabis plants.
You can breed your own seeds by mating two cannabis plants, which gives you a basically unlimited supply of seeds
Seeds give you the best chance of a ‘clean slate’ which means you plants won’t come with any sort of disease or pests
Not all seeds will germinate
Old seeds or improperly stored seeds may be slow growing
If using non-feminized seeds, about half of the plants will end up being male, which do not produce buds. Learn how to identify male plants right away.
Seeds can take a little more time than clones to get started growing and be ready for harvest, since clones are usually already “mature” and established when you start growing
Costs can add up if purchasing seeds for every grow, and famous strains can cost quite a bit of money per seed
Creating your own seeds will save you monetary cost, but there is still a cost in time (and effort) to cross together two plants to make seeds
Seeds are a good way for many people to start growing because they can be easily purchased off the internet. Where can I safely purchase cannabis seeds?
Sometimes you will find good seeds (bagseed) in marijuana that you have purchased which can definitely be used to start growing. The downside of using seeds that you find is you will have no idea what to expect as far as growth, yields, or size. The bud quality of bagseed is often different from the buds it came from, since it is not a stablized strain. It could be like the bud it was found it, or it could be completely different.
When using unknown seeds, you will need to determine the gender your plants as they are growing to prevent any males from pollinating your females.
Healthy seeds should be dark brown or light grey. If you find seeds which are small and white, they are likely immature and won’t germinate properly.
Healthy seeds can be stored in a cool dark place, or your fridge until you’re ready to use them(don’t freeze them).
Seeds which are kept in a cool, dark place remain viable for years, though after a few years you will notice that they take a bit longer to germinate and you may get a few more duds than with fresh seeds. Seedlings from older seeds can also be really slow growing even if you’re giving them perfect conditions.
Starting With Cannabis Clones
Guaranteed gender – if the mother plant was female, the clone will be female too
Clones usually have a head start compared to starting with a seed, since clones are usually already mature and established when you start growing with them. Compared to seeds, clones usually have an overall shorter grow period and therefore will be ready to harvest a bit more quickly.
Clones can be quickly grown into a ‘mom’ and recloned, for a constant source of new plants. You can clone any plant to create an unlimited amount of plants
Since clones are genetically identical to their mother plant, you know almost exactly what you’re getting. Although there is some variance even between clones, they tend to grow much more alike than two random plants.
Rooted clones can be coaxed to flower almost immediately if time or space is an issue
Clones can be harder to find compared to seeds – many people don’t know a cannabis grower in real life, and seeds are really easy for almost anyone to get due to the availability of online seed banks
If the original grower had any problems with the mother plant (like pests or viruses) then it’s possible that the new grower (you) can inherit the same problems from the clone
If you start with a clone that hasn’t been well established, it’s possible it might unexpectedly die on you, or remain in shock for a long time. When cloning is done incorrectly, it may take weeks of extra care in order for the plant to recover
Newly created clones are more sensitive/picky about lights and nutrients compared to young plants from seed
In order to get clones, you will need to know someone who already has marijuana plants, or you may be able to buy some from your local medical marijuana dispensary if you’re in a suitable location and have a recommendation for marijuana from your doctor.
Starting with a clone can save you a couple of weeks compared to starting with seeds because they have a head-start on growth. Using clones also guarantees the gender of your plant because the clones have the exact same genetics as their parent plant including gender.
If you have a female plant that you like, you can just clone her indefinitely to make more plants without ever again having to worry about sexing your plants or creating seeds. Yet you will also end up with the same strain/genetics for every clone you take off the same plant.
If you’re starting out with a clone, you want to treat it gently for the first day or two that you have it. If your clone hasn’t established roots yet, then you want to make sure that it stays moist and gets gentle light (like from florescent tubes) until it develops some roots. A humidity dome will help the plant get moisture until she’s established her roots.
If your clone has already established its roots, then put it in its new home with your lights a bit further away than normal until she’s settled in and showing new growth.
Only give your clone just a little bit of water at first with a highly diluted cannabis-friendly “grow” nutrient solution.
It’s tempting to want to put your lights close to the new baby and give it full-strength nutrients because you want to do everything you can to make sure it does okay.
However, in the very beginning, less is more for your clone. Your clone is more sensitive to heat and light than an established plant, and you’re putting it in a completely new environment.
It’s important to check on your clone frequently during it’s first 24 hours to make sure there isn’t any unforeseen problems such as it tipping over. Once the clone has started really growing (usually after a couple of days) then you can put your lights closer and start feeding it with full-strength nutrients.
Should I start my cannabis plant with seeds or clones? Should you start growing your cannabis plant with seeds or clones? Each method has pros and cons, so check out the comparison below to find
Clones vs. Seeds
In the long debate over clones vs seeds, I’ll help shed a bit of light and help you figure out which technique to use in your next grow.
Clone / Cuttings
First off, you will need a mother plant to produce clones. Wikipedia defines clones as any organism whose genetic information is identical to that of a parent organism from which it was created . A mother plant can come from a seed source, be purchased from a nursery, or taken from your current garden. Usually a mother plant is a plant kept in perpetual vegetative stage by keeping it on a 16-24 hour light cycle. This light cycle prevents the mother plant from going into flower. One of the main reasons some people will choose to take cuttings is that they can replicate their most vigorous, high yielding plants over and over again. One thing to keep in mind is that annual plants in nature do not live for more than one year, which will cause a decline in yield in every round of cuttings. Problems can also arise with fighting off environmental stresses, diseases and insects, as the genetics weaken season after season.
A plant grown from seed is capable of yielding more than a cloned offspring. Most plants grown from seed naturally produce a tap root, whereas plants grown from clones are unable to do so. A tap root acts as an anchor for the plant which aids in better support and water and nutrient uptake. Outdoor growers lean toward growing from seed for this very reason. For indoor growers, tap roots are not a major concern, as plants do not require them to survive in containers. Growing from seed also lessens your chances of inheriting any pests or diseases from a cutting. Seeds do have their cons however. Germination rates vary by plant species, harvest times are longer than when starting from cuttings, and there are costs associated with purchasing them (whereas clones taken from plants you already own are free).
Both methods can be fun to explore, and you should try and see what works best for you.
Items to help you out in your projects:
- Super Starter Plugs provide an ideal air-to-water ratio to give plants the best start possible. These bioactive plugs are comprised primarily of composted tree bark and peat moss and can be used in soil or hydroponic applications. A predrilled hole in each plug makes planting a cinch. Great for both Seeds and Cuttings
- EZ Cloner 16 Site made from fully recyclable HDPE which highly chemically resistant and extremely durable.
- Sunblaster Nano Dome Kit comes with an 18 in T5 HO SunBlaster™ NanoTech light fixture, a unique 7 in high dome designed to accommodate the included NanoTech fixture and a 10 x 20 tray.
- Super Sprouter Heat Mat Warms root area approximately 10°F – 20°F over ambient temperature to improve germination process. Also aids in success rates with cuttings. Perfect for one standard 10 in x 20 in propagation tray.
- Rapid Startdelivers a powerful blend of premium plant extracts, amino acids, and nutrients generating explosive root growth. Using RapidStart® stimulates prolific root branching and development of fine root hairs that increase nutrient uptake and grow healthier, whiter roots.
Gary Makus says
Can seed be made clonal if you use pollen from the same plant for the seed? Don’t understand the genetics.
Clones vs. Seeds In the long debate over clones vs seeds, I’ll help shed a bit of light and help you figure out which technique to use in your next grow. Clone / Cuttings First off, you